The Center for Educational Equity, a policy and research center at Teachers College, Columbia University, publishes original research, legal analysis, and user-friendly resources related to our areas of focus. Learn more by exploring our publications:

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UPDATED: Essential Resources: The Constitutional Requirements for Providing All Students in New York State the Opportunity for a Sound Basic Education (2nd Edition)

Drawing on relevant and up-to-date state statutes, regulations, and the court order in the landmark legal case Campaign for Fiscal Equity (CFE) v. State of New YorkEssential Resources zeroes in on the educational resources to which students are entitled under the state constitution. 

First published in December 2012, Essential Resources became the first-ever comprehensive compilation of New York students' educational rights, and served as a framework for assessing the state's compliance with CFE, which guarantees all students the right to a "sounds basic education"--a set of learning opportunities specifically designed to prepare them for effective civic participation and good jobs.

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